This large military transport aircraft is quite easy to recognise, because there are no other four-engined turboprop aircraft with high wings and a T-tail. You are more likely to confuse it for a Boeing C-17!
Alenia Aermacchi M346 Master
Another training aircraft that is a look-a-like of the Kawasaki T-4 and the Alpha Jet. The M346 is a mid-wing aircraft, while the other two have high mounted wings. Also note the realitively large vertical stabiliser and the leading edge extensions of the wings along the fuselage.
AMX International AMX
Jointly developed in Italy and Brazil this single engined fighter has rectangular air intakes with rounded corners in the wing roots and the exhaust at the end of the fuselage. Als the single wheels on all landing gear legs are a recognition point, as well as the fixed aerial refueling probe on the nose.
Angel Aircraft 44 Angel
This piston twin has a conventional configuration, but the wing mounted engines drive pusher props. Also has a large entry door on the left and a large dorsal fin.
Being similar in size and configuration as the Lockheed Hercules, the An-12 can be regarded as its Soviet counterpart. Nevertheless, the two are easily distinguished as the An-12 has a glaced nose, outer wings with anhedral and four wheels on each main landing gear leg. The Y-8 is the Chinese version.
The Antonov An-124 Ruslan is the only aircraft with swept wing wings attached on top of the fuselage, a conventional tail unit (low horizontal stabiliser) and four jet engines under the wings.
The An-140 is the predecessor of the An-24 and has about the same basic configuration. However the twin-wheel main landing gears retract in the fuselage instead of the engine nacelles. Also the aircraft has horizontal stabilisers attached with a significant dihedral. Both characteristics also make it clearly recognisable from the CN235 and G222.
Being the only passenger aircraft in this category this type is easily recognisable by the many cabin windows.
Being based on the An-158 the external resemblance with that aircraft is logical. The cockpit windows, wings, engines and tail are much alike. However, the An-178 has a tandem main landing gear, with wheels behind each other instead of side-by-side. Also the rear fuselage is ramped up to allow loading and unloading cargo at the rear.
As one of the largest single engine biplanes ever built, the Antnov An-2 and derivatives are quite easy to recognose. They come with piston and turboprop engines, which results in a different appearance. The Chinese version is the Nanchang Y-5.