The Corvette is a French type of bizjet, that could be mistaken for a Falcon 10 or a Falcon 20. There is nothing in particular that differentiate both, except the cockpit windows and tip tanks. The latter are optional on the Corvette, but not present on the Falcon 10/20.
The ATR42 and longer ATR72 can especially be recognised by the short landing gear, large vertical stabiliser, with two bents in the curved leading edge, and the pointy tail cone. The latter is also a characteristic of the Dornier 328, with which the ATR42 can be confused.
Just two supersonic transport aircraft actually flew, of which the Concorde was the most famous. Compared to its Russian counterpart the Concorde has more clearly ogival delta wings, while the wings of the Tupolev 144 have more a double delta shape. Also the Tu-144 has retractable canard wings below the cockpit. For the rest the Concorde and “Concordski” are very similar in appearance.
Typical for this Taiwanese jet trainer are the engines with are attached to the side of the (rear) fuselage and fed by D shaped air intakes with splitter plates. The rudder goes all the way up from the bottom of the rear fuselage. (photo Toshiro Aoki/WikiMedia)
On the first generation of Airbus aircraft the characteristic cockpit windows were introduced, with the aft windows with the cut-off top corner. Furthermore the row of cabin windows on the rear fuselage appears to be curved up compared to the rest of windows. These are the main recognition points to distinguish the aircraft from the Boeing 767 and 777. To distinguish the A300/A310 from the A330 look at the winglets.
This aircraft is similar in size as the Boeing 737. Apart from more subtle differences the Airbus A320 a rather rounded nose, a small dorsal fin and small nose landing gear doors when the gear is extended.
This aircraft is clearly a derivative of the A300. Most characteristics of the A300/A310 also apply to the A330. The main differences are in the winglets and engine nacelles. Additionally the backward tilted main landing gear bogey is notable.
The Airbus A340 shares the fuselage with the Airbus A330, but has four engines instead of two engines. It could mainly be confused with the Ilyushin Il-96, which has different cockpit windows (nearly triangular last window) and taller winglets.
Compared to the Airbus A330 has a different style of cockpit windows in a re-contoured nose, an even smaller dorsal fin and winglets curling up from the wing tip. Note however that some versions of the A330 also have curved up winglets.